Dodge Journey: Description, Operation

DESCRIPTION

A diesel particulate filter (DPF) is installed for exhaust gas after-treatment. The DPF filters, stores and burns particulate matter (soot) that is generated during the combustion process. The soot is oxidized to carbon dioxide CO2 at exhaust temperatures over 600º C (1,112º F).

OPERATION

The oxidation catalysts raise the exhaust gas temperatures to regenerate the DPF , which is passive regeneration.

If the passive regeneration cannot keep up with the build up of soot in the DPF, the ECM will actively regenerate the DPF to burn off the soot. Residue remains inside the DPF in the form of non burnable ash. Ash comes from the oils and other materials that are trapped in the oils and are present in the soot. Ash is not eliminated by the regeneration cycle. Excessive ash accumulation requires the replacement of the DPF. The DPF uses a silicon carbide wall-flow monolith with a platinum coating to trap particulates. The monolith contains a large number of square parallel channels, which run in the axial direction and are separated by thin porous walls. The channels are alternatively open at one end, but plugged at the other. The exhaust gases flow through the walls and escape through the pores in the wall material. Particulates, however, are too large to escape and are trapped in the monolith walls. The ECM starts the regeneration of the DPF if the soot load exceeds a performance map value. The ECM determines the load condition of the DPF based upon the exhaust gas pressure upstream and downstream of the DPF. A pressure differential sensor provides the pressure input to the ECM. During the regeneration process, the ECM raises the temperature in the DPF to burn off the soot accumulated. Under normal operation, the engine does not produce enough heat to oxidize the soot inside the DPF. This process requires temperatures above 550 ºC (1,022 ºF). After regeneration, the ECM reads the actual pressure difference at the DPF and compares it with a reference value. From this comparison, the ECM determines the ash quantity inside the DPF.

    Removal
    DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER Fig. 8: DPF Components - ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR - PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL SENSOR - MOUNTING BOLT - UPSTREAM PRESSURE TUBE - DPF - DOWNSTREAM PRESSURE TUBE - TU ...

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