Dodge Journey: Description, Diagnosis and Testing

DESCRIPTION

2.7L DOHC Engine
Fig. 91: Cylinder Head, Valves & Springs

  1. - VALVE KEEPER
  2. - SPRING RETAINER
  3. - VALVE KEEPER
  4. - VALVE SPRING-EXHAUST
  5. - SPRING RETAINER
  6. - VALVE STEM SEAL
  7. - VALVE-EXHAUST
  8. - VALVE-INTAKE
  9. - CYLINDER HEAD
  10. - VALVE STEM SEAL
  11. - VALVE SPRING-INTAKE

The cylinder heads are made of an aluminum alloy. The cylinder head features four valves (8) per cylinder with pressed in powdered metal valve guides. The cylinder heads provide enclosures for the timing chain drive, necessitating a unique right and left cylinder head.

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTING

CYLINDER HEAD GASKET

A cylinder head gasket leak can be located between adjacent cylinders or between a cylinder and the adjacent water jacket.

Possible indications of the cylinder head gasket leaking between adjacent cylinders are:

  • Loss of engine power
  • Engine misfiring
  • Poor fuel economy

Possible indications of the cylinder head gasket leaking between a cylinder and an adjacent water jacket are:

  • Engine overheating
  • Loss of coolant
  • Excessive steam (white smoke) emitting from exhaust
  • Coolant foaming

CYLINDER-TO-CYLINDER LEAKAGE TEST

To determine if an engine cylinder head gasket is leaking between adjacent cylinders, follow the procedures in Cylinder Compression Pressure Test. An engine cylinder head gasket leaking between adjacent cylinders will result in approximately a 50-70% reduction in compression pressure.

CYLINDER-TO-WATER JACKET LEAKAGE TEST

WARNING: USE EXTREME CAUTION WHEN THE ENGINE IS OPERATING WITH COOLANT PRESSURE CAP REMOVED.

VISUAL TEST METHOD

With the engine cool, remove the coolant pressure cap. Start the engine and allow it to warm up until thermostat opens.

If a large combustion/compression pressure leak exists, bubbles will be visible in the coolant.

COOLING SYSTEM TESTER METHOD

WARNING: WITH COOLING SYSTEM TESTER IN PLACE, PRESSURE WILL BUILD UP FAST. EXCESSIVE PRESSURE BUILT UP, BY CONTINUOUS ENGINE OPERATION, MUST BE RELEASED TO A SAFE PRESSURE POINT.

NEVER PERMIT PRESSURE TO EXCEED 138 kPa (20 psi).

Install Cooling System Tester 7700 or equivalent to pressure cap neck. Start the engine and observe the tester's pressure gauge. If gauge pulsates with every power stroke of a cylinder a combustion pressure leak is evident.

CHEMICAL TEST METHOD

Combustion leaks into the cooling system can also be checked by using Bloc-Chek Kit C-3685-A or equivalent.

Perform test following the procedures supplied with the tool kit.

    Standard procedure
    CYLINDER HEAD OIL GALLERY CUP PLUG SERVICE Fig. 92: Oil Gallery Cup Plug - CUP PLUG BORE CHAMFER - ORIGINAL CUP PLUG - NEW CUP PLUG - 1-2 mm NOTE: DETERMINE WHICH CUP PLUG IS LEAKIN ...

    See also:

    Adjustments
    ADJUSTMENT The right and left support assemblies are slotted to allow for right/left drive train adjustment in relation to drive shaft assembly length. Check and reposition right and left engin ...

    Description, Operation
    DESCRIPTION Fig. 284: Rear Evaporator Description The rear A/C evaporator (4) is located within the rear heater-A/C housing, behind the right interior quarter panel trim. The rear A/C evaporato ...

    Sensor, transmission range
    DESCRIPTION Fig. 386: Locating Transmission Range Sensor (TRS) - TRANSMISSION RANGE SENSOR The Transmission Range Sensor (TRS) (1) is mounted to the top of the valve body inside the transa ...

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